miércoles, 26 de abril de 2017

Monday, 24 April 2017 | MYT 8:26 PM

North Korea university confirms US citizen detained amid tension


 
SEOUL: A foreign-funded university in North Korea has confirmed the arrest of a United States citizen who was lecturing there - the third American held in the country amid growing tensions between Pyongyang and Washington.
Kim Sang Duk, or Tony Kim, was arrested at the capital's airport on Saturday as he was about to leave after teaching at the Pyongyang University of Science and Technology (PUST) for several weeks, the school said.
The school - founded by evangelical Christians from overseas and opened in 2010 - is known to have a number of American faculty members. Students are generally the children of the country's elite.
The reason for Kim's arrest was unclear but was "not connected in any way with the work of PUST", the school said in a statement.
"We cannot comment on anything that Mr Kim may be alleged to have done that is not related to his teaching work and not on the PUST campus," it said.
The Swedish embassy in Pyongyang - which handles issues involving US citizens as Washington has no diplomatic ties with the North - is "actively involved" in talks, the school's external director Colin McCulloch said in a statement without elaborating.
The Swedish embassy and the South Korean government declined to comment.
Kim is a former professor at Yanbian University of Science and Technology in China, close to the Korean border. Its website lists his speciality as accounting.
The US State Department said it was aware of media reports over the case but gave no official confirmation.
South Korea's Yonhap news agency gave Kim's age as 55 and said he had been involved in relief activities for children in rural parts of North Korea. It cited a source familiar with the matter who described Kim as a "religiously devoted man".
"He has been involved in relief activities in the North for so long... I don't understand why he was suddenly arrested," the source was quoted as saying.
Two other US citizens - college student Otto Warmbier and Korean-American pastor Kim Dong Chul - are currently being held in the North after sentenced to long prison terms.
The pastor was sentenced last year to 10 years of hard labour for spying. Warmbier was sentenced to 15 years in 2016 for stealing a propaganda material and for "crimes against the state".
North Korea has arrested and jailed several US citizens in the past decade, often releasing them only after high-profile visits by current or former US officials or former US presidents.
Tension is running high on the peninsula amid possible signs of preparations in the isolated impoverished North for another nuclear test.
Chinese President Xi Jinping on Monday urged "restraint" during a phone call with US President Donald Trump as a powerful US aircraft carrier sails towards the peninsula in a show of force. - AFP


Asia Society
April 25, 2017

More than 15 years after the United States vowed to eliminate terrorism in response to the September 11 attacks, violent extremism in the Muslim world remains a persistent problem. During an in-depth discussion at Asia Society in New York last week, experts debated the scope of the problem and how to address it. “How do you eradicate it?” asked author Dalia Fahmy. “Eradicate the conditions that led to it.”
Read the article/watch video

Amid missile testing, nuclear development, and intensifying rhetoric from top leaders, the relationship between North Korea and the U.S. has recently deteriorated further from a very low base — and China is caught in the middle. In an interview with Asia Blog, Asia Society Policy Institute Director of Asian Security Lindsey Ford discusses the players in the unfolding crisis and what could happen next.
Read article

People aged 15 to 24 represent only one in five workers in the Asia Pacific but account for almost half of the region's unemployed. Particularly afflicted is Vietnam, with its rising education costs and schools that are failing to train students to keep pace with shifts in the labor market. In an interview with Asia Blog, the director of an organization specializing in vocational training for disadvantaged young Vietnamese explains what can be done to confront the problem.
Read article

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martes, 25 de abril de 2017

H-Net Notifications

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1. JOBS> H-Net Job Guide Weekly Report For H-Buddhism: 17 April - 24 April
2. CONFERENCE> Asian Studies in Israel, May 23-24, 2018
________________________________________
JOBS> H-Net Job Guide Weekly Report For H-Buddhism: 17 April - 24 April
by Franz Metcalf
The following jobs were posted to the H-Net Job Guide from 17 April 2017 to 24 April 2017. These job postings are included here based on the categories selected by the list editors for H-Buddhism. See the H-Net Job Guide website at http://www.h-net.org/jobs/ for more information. To contact the Job Guide, write to jobguide@mail.h-net.msu.edu, or call +1-517-432-5134 between 9 am and 5 pm US Eastern time.

ANTHROPOLOGY
University of Amsterdam - Full Professor Social Anthropology
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54864

University of Leeds - Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Japanese Studies, Japanese History/Religion/Anthropology
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54875

University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


ART AND ART HISTORY
Universitat Bremen - Ausschreibung Juniorprofessur Kunstwissenschaft und Asthetische Theorie
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54876


ASIAN HISTORY / STUDIES
University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


DIGITAL HUMANITIES
University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


EAST ASIAN HISTORY / STUDIES
University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


INTELLECTUAL HISTORY
University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


JAPANESE HISTORY / STUDIES
University of Leeds - Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Japanese Studies, Japanese History/Religion/Anthropology
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54875

University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


RELIGIOUS STUDIES AND THEOLOGY
University of Leeds - Lecturer (Assistant Professor) in Japanese Studies, Japanese History/Religion/Anthropology
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54875

University of Tokyo - Project Assistant Professor in Academic Writing
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54865


NONE
wikiHow - Part-Time Content Creators
http://www.h-net.org/jobs/job_display.php?id=54859

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CONFERENCE> Asian Studies in Israel, May 23-24, 2018
by Eviatar Shulman
Dear Friends and Colleagues,
I am happy to forward the invitation to net year's ASI conference, which will take place at the Hebrew Unviersity in Jerusalem. Scholars of Buddhism are eagerly encouraged to apply.
Best regards,
Eviatar Shulman
Call for Papers:The 14th Conference of Asian Studies in Israel  (ASI18)

Dear colleagues,
We are delighted to announce that the 14th Biennial Conference of Asian Studies in Israel (ASI18) will take place at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Mt. Scopus Campus, on Wed-Thu, May 23-24, 2018.
We invite proposals on Asian-related topics (Central, South, East and South-East Asia).  Priority will be given to thematic panels (3-4 papers + chair and/or discussant), but individual paper submissions are also welcome. The deadline for submitting proposals for either organized panels or individual papers is November 6, 2017.
The proposal should include the title of the panel or the individual paper together with a short abstract (150-200 words), as well as a short CV (1 page max) of the presenter/s. With the exception of roundtables, panel proposals should also include the title and abstract of each paper. Please indicate in your proposal what equipment, if any, will be required for your panel or lecture. The conference will be bi-lingual (Hebrew/English). Abstracts can be submitted in either English or Hebrew (preferably both).
Proposals for panels/papers, as well as all enquiries, should be submitted by email to the conference mail (asi18huji@gmail.com( with copies to the Frieberg Center (eacenter@mail.huji.ac.il) and to the conference's convener, Prof. Michal Biran (ercmongol@gmail.com).
Conference guests are welcome to stay at the Beit Maiersdorf Faculty Club, located at the conference venue. Priority will be given to foreign participants. The Frieberg Center for East Asian Studies at the Hebrew University will help in covering the accommodation costs of foreign participants but will not be able to participate in the cost of travel.
Please distribute this call for papers among your colleagues and networks. Both Hebrew and Non-Hebrew speakers are most welcome.
On behalf of the organizing committee,
Prof. Michal Biran, Convener, The Frieberg Center for East Asian Studies
Dr. Nissim Otmazgin, Department of Asian Studies, HUJI
Dr. Orna Naftali, Department of Asian Studies, HUJI
Dr. Eviatar Shulman, Department of Asian Studies, HUJI
Dr. Jooyeon Rhee, Department of Asian Studies, HUJI
The Department of Asian Studies at the Hebrew University of Jerusalem is the oldest in Israel and is one of the biggest departments in the Faculty of Humanities, home to over 300 students specializing in Chinese, Japanese, Korean, and Indian Studies. The department is characterized by its excellence in research and teaching, and it maintains an environment of cooperation between students and faculty in a wide array of extracurricular activities. To read more about the department, visit: http://asia.huji.ac.il/en.
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________________________________________


Viernes 12 de mayo, 9.30 horas
China: presencia en Eurasia y nuestra región
Seminario organizado por el Grupo de Trabajo sobre China del Comité de Asuntos Asiáticos

9.30 horas
  
Miguel Velloso   

9.45 horas
Panel I:

La Iniciativa de la Ruta de la Seda: infraestructura, inversiones e implicancias para nuestra región
Carola Ramón-Berjano   

La incidencia de la seguridad internacional en el desarrollo exitoso de la Iniciativa "One Belt, One Road"
Jorge E. Malena   

10.25 horas
Sesión de preguntas

10.40 horas
Intervalo

11.00 horas
Panel II:

Situación de los lazos de China con el Mercosur
Raúl Ochoa   

Estado de las inversiones chinas en América Latina, con énfasis en el Mercosur
Julio Sevares   
Karina Fiezzoni   

Situación de las relaciones políticas sino-argentinas
Erika Imhoff   

Estado de la seguridad alimentaria en China. Consecuencias para la Argentina
Gloria Báez   

12.00 horas
Sesión de preguntas

12.20 horas
Palabras de cierre
Miguel Velloso   

CARI / Uruguay 1037, piso 1°, C1016ACA Buenos Aires, Argentina / Teléfono (0054) 11-4811-0071 al 74 / Fax (0054) 11-4815-4742


lunes, 24 de abril de 2017



China's Xi urges restraint on North Korea issue on call with Trump



image: 

The conversation came amid growing concerns that Pyongyang will conduct another nuclear or missile test to mark the 85th anniversary on Tuesday of the founding of its Korean People's Army.
"(China) hopes that the relevant parties can maintain restraint and avoid actions that would increase tensions in the Korean Peninsula," Xi said, according to a statement from the foreign ministry.
"The only way to realise denuclearisation in the Korean Peninsula and quickly resolve North Korea's nuclear problem is for each relevant party to fulfil its duties."
It was the second phone call between the two leaders since their summit at Trump's luxury resort in Florida early this month.



Speaking in Sydney on Saturday, US Vice President Mike Pence said the American aircraft carrier Carl Vinson would arrive in the Sea of Japan, bordering the Korean Peninsula, "in a matter of days".
The ship joined other warships for joint exercises with Japan in the Philippine Sea on Sunday.
Confusion has clouded the carrier group's whereabouts in recent days after President Donald Trump suggested the "armada" was steaming towards North Korea when in fact it was sent towards Australia.
Pence also renewed calls for Beijing -- Pyongyang's only major ally and largest trade partner -- to use its "unique" position to bring Pyongyang to heel.
"The steps we're seeing China take, in many ways unprecedented steps, bringing economic pressure to bear on North Korea are very welcome," Pence said.
"We do believe China can do more."
In February China announced it was halting all imports of coal from North Korea -- a crucial earner for Pyongyang -- for the rest of the year.
China also issued a stern warning earlier this month that a conflict over North Korea could break out "at any moment", as Pyongyang vowed a "merciless" response to any US military action.
The comments came ahead of a failed missile test coinciding with the 105th anniversary of the birth of North Korea's founder, Kim Il-Sung.
The North has ramped up its rhetoric in recent weeks, threatening to hit back against any provocation from the US and its regional allies, Japan and South Korea, which both host large American military contingents.
Before his latest conversation with Xi, Trump called Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe, speaking to him about the joint drill between the Carl Vinson and Japan's Maritime Self-Defence Force.
"I told him that we highly appraise US words and actions that show all options are on the table," Abe told reporters following the call.
"We completely agreed that we strongly demand restraint by North Korea, which has repeatedly taken dangerous provocative actions."
Source: Agencies/rw


 Japan Finance Awardpan Finance Award

Associate Professor Okimoto receives

24 April 2017
The ANU Japan Institute would like to congratulate Crawford School of Public Policy Associate Professor Tatsuyoshi Okimoto on his recent 2017 Government Pension Investment Fund (GPIF), Japan Finance Award.
The GPIF Finance Award aims to reward young researchers who conduct excellent studies in the field of pension reserve fund management. The award is decided by the selection committee of prominent foreign and domestic academic advisors including a Nobel laureate and aims to disseminate the awardee’s achievement and findings to society.
Associate Professor Okimoto’s research has made significant contributions to the sophistication in investment of public pension funds by examining the dynamics of dependence in international financial markets and its implications to international asset allocation and risk management.
The published works for which the award is based include Okimoto, Tatsuyoshi (2014), “Asymmetric Increasing Trends in Dependence in International Equity Markets,” Journal of Banking and Finance 46, 219-232, and, Ohmi, Harumi, and Tatsuyoshi Okimoto,(2016), “Trends in Stock-Bond Correlations,” Applied Economics 48, 536-552. 

H-Net Notifications


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CFP> Graduate Student Symposium: Mass Meditation: Practices and Discourses in Contemporary Global Buddhisms

by Scott Mitchell
Dear Friends and Collegauges:
The Institute of Buddhist Studies is happy to announce the return of its annual graduate symposium in the fall of 2017.
Mass Meditation: Practices and Discourses in Contemporary Global Buddhisms
October 6th, 2017—Institute of Buddhist Studies, Berkeley, California
This conference will focus on the phenomenon of mass meditation (e.g., lay meditation practices, mindfulness, secularization) in contemporary global Buddhism. Of particular focus will be the means by which Buddhist meditation is understood and promoted in various contexts. We welcome submissions that consider how meditation has gained an ambivalent relationship to Buddhism—sometimes being promoted as a “spiritual technology” not connected to any particular tradition, sometimes as the condition sine qua non for Buddhist identity and the only practice recommended by the Buddha. Through the presentations given, we hope to reflect not only on the ways that meditation has been constructed through the Buddhist encounter with modernity, but how it has altered modernity and modern peoples through its global impact.
Topics include but are not limited to: the origins and popularization of lay meditation practices in Burma, Thailand and Sri Lanka; the Vipassanā (Insight) and Mindfulness movements in  North America, Europe, and Asia; meditation practice and the construction of Buddhist identity or subjectivity; the “mystification” of meditation in promotional literature; the use of scientific language to justify and promote meditation both within and beyond Buddhist contexts.
Dr. Erik Braun, Associate Professor of Religious Studies at the University of Virginia and author of The Birth of Insight (winner of the 2014 Toshihide Numata Book Award in Buddhism), will serve as the symposium’s keynote speaker.
Graduate students at any stage of their program are encouraged to submit paper proposals. Please send abstracts of no more than 500 words to Thomas Calobrisi (tcalobrisi@ses.gtu.edu). The deadline for submission is July 15, 2017. Applicants will be notified about their submission by August 15, 2017.
Limited travel funds may be available; low-cost housing is available on site at the Jodo Shinshu Center.
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H-Net Notifications

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  1. Templeman on Dalton, 'The Gathering of Intentions: A History of a Tibetan Tantra' [review]

Templeman on Dalton, 'The Gathering of Intentions: A History of a Tibetan Tantra' [review]

by System Administrator

Jacob Paul Dalton. The Gathering of Intentions: A History of a Tibetan Tantra. New York: Columbia University Press, 2016. xxiii + 246 pp. $60.00 (cloth), ISBN 978-0-231-17600-2.
Reviewed by David Templeman (Monash University)
Published on H-Buddhism (April, 2017)
Commissioned by John Powers
At the outset it should be observed that this is a thoroughly researched and rewarding book. If there are difficulties for the reader they are in the book’s remarkable density. Every sentence requires some thought and where possible requires that the reader consult many of the cited references. This is in no manner intended as a criticism. Rather, it is a testament to the consistently high quality of Jacob Dalton’s scholarship, to which we were introduced in his Taming of the Demons: Violence and Liberation in Tibetan Buddhism (2011).
The present work, as the title suggests, tracks the “vicissitudes of a single ritual system” (p. xv) between the ninth century and the present time. This in itself is a rare feat for though it is possible to follow a group of tantras successfully through their lifespans with broad brushstrokes it is infinitely more difficult to do so with a single tantra. Such an approach permits the questioning of issues that might well have remained hidden had many tantras been studied. Dalton’s study raises major questions such as, “Does a tantra remain the same as it travels through new phases?” (p. xvi). This leads to even larger questions, such as, “Does a tantra’s periodic ‘renovation’ make it into an entirely new text?” As the reader will note from their reading of the present work, the author might suggest that it is less an issue of “altering or renovating” a tantra than the varying uses to which that tantra might be put and the consequent shifts in focus onto entirely different aspects of it that necessarily follow.
The text under discussion, the Dgongs pa ’dus pa’i mdo, or, as it referred to in the book, the Gathering of Intentions Sutra (sic), is said to have originated from a valley to the north of Kashmir and to have been written in the Burushaski language of northern Gilgit and Baltistan. By the twelfth century the tantra had come to be radically questioned--it was claimed that it was not a Buddhist work, that it was a Tibetan forgery, that it was not even Indic, and that its so-called Burushaski origins were incorrect. Jacob Dalton diligently follows this discussion as it evolved through to recent times in which the twentieth-century lama Khenpo Nüden claims that the original text was written in Sanskrit and later translated into Burushaski and from that into Tibetan, thereby fulfilling the Tibetan Buddhist “requirement” for an authentic Indic source. To this convoluted origin account the author adds his own opinion that the original might well have been composed in Tibetan and that the core aspect of the tantra that deals with the Rudra mythos might well have derived from a Burushaski original. Moreover, Dalton is of the opinion that the Rudra myth did in fact form the core of the tantra in its original form. Later in the book he observes that in his opinion both the “Gathering of Intentions and its circle of ‘root sutras’ [sic] had at least one foot in a genuinely early and possibly Indian ritual system” (p. 72). Between pages 26 and 29 the author discusses the vexed issue of the apparently simultaneous arising of the tantra. Both King Dza and Rudra were said to have possessed their own views of the tantra’s purpose, and Dalton examines the co-existence of both myths and the problem arising from legends of their origins in the same location but at different times.
The benefit of following a single tantra is evident in the author’s meticulous tracking of the various “uses” to which it was put, and it is in this that I think the book’s main strength lies. In the tantra’s earliest iteration in the ninth century, Nupchen Sangyé Yeshé shaped it so that it was able to offer a place and a systematic role for all the many new tantras emanating from India. By the eleventh or twelfth century, members of the Zur clan had recast the tantra as an Anuyoga text, largely in response to critics who regarded it as a non-Tibetan forgery. By the fourteenth or fifteenth century, Tibetan use of the tantra had waned and chapter 4 (“The Rise of the Sutra [sic] Initiation”) is, of necessity, a quite densely informative one, dealing as it does with the development of the tantra’s initiation structure.
The author’s shrewd comments are noted throughout the book. For example, when discussing the formation of a new lineage at the monastery of Dorje Drak in the seventeenth century, he says, “A lineage and the authority it bestows depend very much on its perceived givenness, yet it does not simply exist to be discovered; it is created…. Lineage thus pretends to be destiny but is (at least in part) narrative” (p. 78). He then discusses the formation of Dorje Drak from a variety of angles, but the main theme of this chapter is clearly the detailed discussion of the extent to which the tantra’s trajectory was intimately “intertwined with the politics of the day” (p. 79).
The author continually raises issues that add a deeper dimension to what we already know of Tibet’s tantric history. In particular, he notes the implications arising from the Gathering of Intentions and its ninefold classificatory structure of the tantras that is said to reflect the Buddha’s teachings. The structure of the classification is based upon the three core themes of Suffering (Śrāvaka/Pratyekabuddha/Bodhisattva), Asceticism (Kriyā tantra/ Ubhaya tantra/Yoga tantra), and Powerful Methods (Mahāyoga tantra/Anuyoga tantra/ Atiyoga tantra).
Chapter 3 (“The Spoken Teachings”) discusses the early Zur tradition and the oral teachings on the tantra. Among the topics covered are the genesis of the terma tradition and the Zur lineage’s awkward relationship with that class of literature. Its resistance toward terma and its insistence on holding them at bay led to accusations being made that both prelates, the Greater and Lesser Zur (Zurché and Zurchung), had composed their own texts, passing them off as genuine. The effect of the second wave of Indian teachings entering Tibet is summarized and discussed, and the author notes that they had the effect of offering their adherents “unprecedented power and prestige” (p. 51). This, he observes, led in part among the New School adherents to a process of “growing interest among Tibetans in constructing lineages tying themselves and their teachings back to India” (p. 55). The tempo of this “archaeological” process seems to have been maintained well into the sixteenth century. This search for Indic “originals” was extremely difficult for the Nyinmgma Old School members, for whom the obtaining of the requisite proof was far more difficult.
In what for this reviewer was the most exciting chapter (chapter 5: “Dorjé Drak and the Formation of a New Lineage”), Dalton deals with what he calls “Nyingma Politics in the Seventeenth Century.” He provides us with detailed information on the fifth Dalai Lama and his uneasy relationship with both the Mongols and the rulers of Tsang. Of especial interest to the reviewer was the highly critical (and yet apparently objective) statement made by the fifth Dalai Lama that the ruler of Tsang, Karma Tenkyong Wangpo, “did not practice the secret mantra of the Nyingma [School] as his main doctrinal system” (pp. 91-92). From that point the Great Fifth goes on to detail the many and varied failings of Karma Tenkyong Wangpo, whose “tiny bit of practice” of the Nyingma was that of Zhikpo Lingpa’s terma cycles. The Great Fifth further claims that the Tsang ruler might have been intending to retroactively “take over” one of the core aspects of  Dorjé Drak, namely the Northern Treasures (p. 92n38). Here we have clearly entered the byzantine world of seventeenth-century Tibetan politics with a vengeance!
In chapter 6 (“The Mindröling Tradition”), Dalton discusses the Mindröling monastic tradition of the Nyingma and examines the position it occupied with the original rituals of the dGongs ’dus and its subsequent shaping by those whom Dalton refers to as “the Mindröling brothers” (p. 111). Dalton gives a sound and reasoned argument for why it was Mindröling that took the Nyingma back to a more solidly founded textual and ritual past. Moreover, he discusses why Mindröling came to reinstate public ritual, reintroduce to certain initiates the public performance of the Gathering of Intentions maṇḍala, and place a stronger accent on a Nyingma sense of communitas. Among other topics, the author discusses the remarkable changes within the Nyingma that sought for a larger view of the role of the Gathering of Intentions, in particular the linking together of its public ritual performance and the presenting of larger and more elaborate state ceremonies. This move may also be extrapolated to a renewal of a nascent national sentiment, although this is not explicitly discussed by the author.
In the seventh and final chapter (“Returns to the Origin”), Dalton tracks the slow demise of the tantra as a unique and separate entity. After the eighteenth century, he writes, it had become so much a part of the background of all Nyingma practice that it was no longer regarded as a remarkable work. Rather, it had become such an intimate aspect of practice that it had become in fact “the scene” itself and had almost perfectly blended into the general Nyingma background.
The final chapter focuses on the Nyingma need for a sense of unity, or as the author refers to it, “homogenization.” In this chapter he tracks the so-called nineteenth-century Nyingma “revival” in eastern Tibet and notes the focal location of the tantra’s maṇḍala, lying as it did rather incongruously almost at the heart of public ceremony. Dalton addresses the vexed question of how a tantra that had been largely ignored as a part of Nyingma praxis for some centuries could become so focal in public ceremony. As far as I understand it, the tantra’s dynamics had been so thoroughly integrated into Nyingma practice as a visionary overview of the entire system that it no longer seemed to offer anything new. The exception, as Dalton notes, was that “in the festival, as in early Tibet, the Gathering of Intentions and its mandala provide the ritual architecture within which the other tantric systems operate” (p. 123).
In the book’s stirring finale, the author meticulously details the harrowing and complex tale of Penor Rinpoché’s saving of the last manuscript of Khenpo Nüden’s precious commentary on the tantra, a tale worthy of a thriller novel. This account alone is entirely worth the price of the book. Without a doubt this is a highly recommended book and a very successful exploration of the life and vicissitudes of a single tantra.